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 1.    What is the difference between parole and furlough?


Ans: Parole: It is a temporary release of a prisoner for a short period so that he/ she can maintain social relations with his family and the community. Parole can be filed after one year from the date of dismissal of appeal against a judgement of conviction. Days spent outside the prison during the period of parole is not counted as sentence undergone


Furlough: It is a release for short period of time after a gap of certain qualified number of year of incarceration by way of motivation for maintaining good conduct and to remain disciplined in the prison. Furlough can be granted to a prisoner who is sentenced to 05 Years or more of Rigorous Imprisonment and has undergone 03 years imprisonment after conviction with unblemished record. The period of sentence spent on furlough by the prisoners need not be undergone by them as is done in the case of parole.

 2.    What is the difference between Parole and Interim Bail?


Ans: Parole can be granted only to the persons whose appeal against a judgement of conviction stands upheld.  On the other hand, interim bail can be sought at any stage of the trial/hearing of appeal against an order of conviction.

 3.    What is custody parole? When can a convict/ accused apply for custody parole?


Ans: When a accused/ convict is involved in any serious offence (i.e. murder, rape, dacoity, NDPS, POTA etc.) and his presence is required outside jail by the other family members on occasions like death in family, marriage of son/ daughter, operation of any family member, then the court can allow the convict along with the police personals to meet his/ her family members and perform his/ her duties. 

 4.    After how much time the second spell of parole/ furlough can be availed? 


Ans: The convict can apply for the parole after the expiry of 06 months from the previous parole and in case of furlough the convict can apply after 01 month from the previous furlough.

 5.    Whether parole can be availed before expiry of 06 months from the last parole availed?


Ans: Yes, parole can be availed before the expiry of 06 months from the last parole in emergent circumstances. The emergency may include delivery of child by the wife of the convict, death of a family member, marriage of children, terminal illness of family member and natural calamities (Ref. rule 1210(V) Delhi Prison Rules 2018.


6.    Whether Parole/ Furlough can be availed by convicts who are convicted for minimum mandatory life sentence without remission?


Ans: Yes, Parole/Furlough can be availed by convicts who are convicted for minimum mandatory life sentence without remission.


 7.    Whether the NDPS convict can avail Parole/ Furlough?


Ans: As per Rule 1224 of Delhi Prison Rules, a person convicted of an offence under NDPS Act,  is not eligible for release on Furlough.



8.    Whether a convict convicted in Armed Forces General Court can apply for Parole/ Furlough to GNCT of Delhi or Army/ Paramilitary Court?


Ans: The convicts convicted by the Armed Forces General Court can apply for Parole/ Furlough to the competent authorities as prescribed in Army Act, BSF Act etc. and in case their application is rejected without any plausible reason then they can assail its order before the Hon’ble High Court.


 9.    Whether an order of administration can be challenged if the administration does not decide the parole/ furlough?


Ans: Yes, an order of administration can be challenged if the administration does not decide the application of parole within 04 weeks and within 02 weeks in case of furlough after the receipt of application.


 10. Whether a convict can apply to High Court for simultaneous release on Parole/ Furlough along with his co-convict in same FIR?


Ans: Yes, subject to his request for such release is first rejected by competent authority (Ref. 1212(2) & 1224 (Note) of Delhi Prison Rules 2018 applies to GNCT of Delhi), a convict can apply to High Court for simultaneous release on Parole/ Furlough along with his co-convict in same FIR.  However, generally, courts do not release co-convicts at the same time. If one convict is granted parole/furlough first, the other co-convict has to wait till the first convict returns to jail before he is allowed to go on parole/furlough.


 11. How much remission is earned by the convict in a year?


Ans: The answer of this question depends of the facts of each case- generally 3 to 4 months remission are granted to a convict in a year as per his work and conduct inside the jail. (Ref. Chapter 18 Delhi Prisons Rules 2018).



12. Whether sentence in default of payment of fine would run concurrently or consecutively along with substantive sentence and whether sentence in default of payment of fine for different offences in one chargesheet would run concurrently or consecutively?



Ans: The sentence in default of payment of fine will run consecutively in both the cases. (Ref. Sharad Hiru Kolambe vs. State of Maharashtra & ors, Supreme Court of India Judgment dt.20/09/2018)


 13. Whether a convict can file an application for concurrent running of sentences awarded in different cases/ FIR’s to the High Court after his judgment of conviction has attained finality from Apex Court?


Ans: No, by virtue of the decision of Apex Court's rendered in M.R. Kudva vs. State Of Andhra Pradesh,  Section 427 cannot be applied in a separate and independent proceedings by the High Court, more so when neither the trial court judge or the High Court, while passing the judgments of conviction and sentence indicated that the sentences passed against the appellant in both the cases shall run concurrently. Section 482 of the Code  cannot be resorted to seek concurrent running of sentence.



 14. Whether Appellate Court can suo-motu enhance sentence of a convict?


Ans: Yes, Appellate Court can suo-motu enhance the sentence of a convict while using its revisional power U/s 397 r/w Sec 401 Cr.P.C. but in such cases, the convict will be given notice of such proposed enhancement.   (Ref. Sahab Singh & ors Vs. state of Haryana (1990) 2 SCC 385 & latest Apex Court Judgment on 22/04/2019 Kumar Ghimirey Vs. State of Sikkim)


 15.  Whether it is mandatory to deposit of fine i.e. 20% U/s 143A NI Act when filing revision petition before High Court of Delhi?


Ans: No, the said condition is only applicable at the stage of filing an appeal before the Ld. Sessions Court against an order of conviction by the Ld. MM Court.

 16.  How soon appeals pending in the category of regular matters are taken?


Ans:   It depends on the regular list of that particular Court. It also depends on the custody undergone by the convicts. Few benches hear regular matters everyday whereas few benches do not hear arguments in regular matters that frequently. There is no hard and fast rule.


 17.  After how much custody a fresh application for suspension of sentence can be filed?


Ans: If the first application for suspension of sentence which is filed along with the appeal has been dismissed, a fresh application is generally recommended after a convict has undergone half the period of sentence. However, many a times depending on circumstances, suspension of sentence application can be filed before completing half custody. In case of any urgency or necessity, they can always prefer an application for interim suspension of sentence.


18. Whether court hearing can be attended by the convicts/ accused?


Ans: Yes, the convict/ accused can get filed through his advocate an application seeking his production warrants to attend the court hearing ( If the convict/ accused wants to interact with the arguing counsel they can also use the video conference system through the concerned jail).


 19.  Who will do the pairokari of a case filed by the DHCLSC?


Ans: In case the convict/ accused is filing any case through the DHCLSC Pairokari is not required as the arguing counsel attends the court hearings and the status of the case is also communicated to the convicts/ accused through video conference and jail visiting advocates.


 20. Whether a convict can seek modification of the orders, or seek release on personal bond or file application for reduction of surety amount?


Ans: Yes, the convict/ accused can file an application seeking modification of orders, reduction of surety amount or release on personal bond.


 21.  Whether legal aid can be granted to a convict if their case is pending in some other state?

Ans: Yes, convicts are entitled to free legal aid in all cases. In cases pending outside Delhi, many a times Jail Visiting Advocates get in touch with Legal Services Committee of those States to channelize or initiate their cases through Legal Services Committee.


 22.  What is the amount of fees payable to the legal services advocates?

Ans: No fee is to be paid to the Legal Aid Advocate.


 23.  Whether a convict can file application for suspension of sentence without filing an appeal?

Ans: No, without filing an appeal the sentence cannot be suspended.


 24.  Whether an appeal be preferred after the limitation period?


Ans: Yes, an appeal can be filed even after the limitation period. The appellant has to file an application for condonation of delay U/s 5 of Limitation Act.


 25.  Whether an appeal can be filed if the convict does not have the certified copy of the Judgment and order on sentence?


Ans:  An application seeking exemption from filing certified copies of the documents can be filed alongwith the appeal and such an application is generally allowed.


 26.  Is there any other legal remedy left for the convict after the dismissal of the Review Petition from the Supreme Court of India?


Ans: Yes, a convict can approach Hon’ble Supreme Court of India through Curative Petition.


 27.  What is nominal roll?


Ans: Nominal Roll is a record which is made by the Jail Authorities which consists of Name of convict, age, details of his/ her case, period of sentence and fine, convicting court, address, and conduct of convict. As well as number of days spent on parole, list of application made for parole, list of parole dismissed and the conduct of the convict during the period of parole.

 28.  Whether evidence can be lead in appeal?

Ans: U/s 391 CrPC, appellate court may take further evidence or direct it to be taken if it thinks such additional evidence is necessary in the interest of justice.  Both prosecution as well as the appellant can move an application under this section for adducing additional evidence. The court may impose  costs on the party concerned.


 29.  Whether state has right to appeal in case of conviction by lower court?

Ans: Yes, the state has right to file the appeal U/s 377 CrPC against the sentence on the grounds of its inadequacy.


 30.  Whether second appeal can be filed in Criminal Cases?


Ans: No, only one appeal is allowed in criminal cases, however Criminal Revision Petition may be filed against the order of appeal.


 31.  Whether bail bond amount can be reduced?


Ans: Yes, in cases where convict/ accused is unable to furnish the surety due to his poor financial condition.


 32.  Whether life convict can be released after serving 14 years of sentence in Jail?


Ans: Yes, the state has power to release on the recommendation of Sentence Review Board (SRB). Further, if the SRB rejects the representation of any convict, the convict can challenge the same through writ jurisdiction.


 33. Where should a convict file his appeal ?


Ans: When a person is convicted from the magistrate’s court he should appeal in session’s court and if the person is convicted from session’s court the person can challenge the conviction in High Court.


 34.  In how many days appeal can be filed?


Ans: If a person is convicted by the magistrate court, he/ she can appeal in session court within 30 days from the date of sentence. If the person is convicted by the session court he/ she can appeal before the High Court within 60 days from the date of conviction.


 35.  On what grounds a convict can be released on Probation?


Ans:  The court can release a person on Probation U/s 360 IPC on his good conduct. If a person is less than 21 Years or a woman or a senior citizen who has committed an offence which is punishable other than death penalty or Life imprisonment, the court instead of convicting him/ her may look into his/ her background, previous conduct and  age and release the convict on personal bond.

 36.  Whether an under trial who had pleaded guilty can file an appeal? 

Ans: No, as per Section 375 Cr.P.C after pleading guilty, the accused person cannot file an appeal challenging his conviction and he can only challenge the extent or legality of the sentence imposed upon him.


vdlj iwNs tkus okys iz”u


1-   iSjksy vkSj Qjyks esa D;k varj gS \

mÙkj : iSjksy% blesa dSnh dks de vof/k ds fy, vLFkkbZ :i ls NksM+k tkrk gS ftlls fd og vius ifjokj vkSj leqnk; ds lkFk lkekftd :i ls tqM+k@tqM+h jg ldsA nks’kflf) ds fu.kZ; ds fo:) dh xbZ vihy ds [kkfjt gksus dh frfFk ds ,d o’kZ ds i”pkr iSjksy ds fy, IkzkFkZuk i= nk;j fd;k tk ldrk gSA iSjksy dh vof/k ds nkSjku tsy ls ckgj fcrk, x, fnuksa dks ltk ds :i es Ukgh fxuk tkrk gSA  

Qjyks% blesa dSnh dks tsy esa dqN o’kZ fcrkus ds i”pkr tsy es mlds vPNs vkpj.k rFkk vuq”kklu dks cuk, j[kus ds fy,] de le; ds fy, NksM+k tkrk gSA Qjyks ml dSnh dks iznku dh tk ldrh gS ftls ik¡p ;k vf/kd o’kksZa ds fy, l[r ltk nh xbZ gks vkSj og nks’kflf) ds i”pkr rhu lky dh ltk dkV pqdk gks vkSj mldk fjdkMZ csnkx gksA dSnh }kjk Qjyks ij fcrk, x;k le; ltk dh vof/k esa gh fxuk tkrk gSA

 2    iSjksy vkSj varfje tekur esa D;k varj gS \

mÙkj : iSjksy dsoy mu yksxksa dks fn;k tk ldrk gS ftudh ltk ds f[kykQ vihy cjdjkj jgrh gS nwljh vksj] ltk fd vkns”k ds f[kykQ vihy dh lquokbZ@lquokbZ ds fdlh Hkh pj.k esa varfje tekur ekaxh tk ldrh gSA

 3    dLVMh iSjksy D;k gS \ nks’kh@vkjksih dLVMh iSjksy ds fy, dc izkFkZuk i= ns   

ldrk gS \ 

mÙkj :tc nks’kh@vkjksih fdlh xaHkhj vijk/k esa fyIr gksrk gS ¼tSls fd eMZj] jsi] MdSrh] ,u-Mh-ih-,l-] iksVk vkfn½ vkSj tsy ls ckgj vU; ikfjokfjd lnL;ksa  dks egÙoiw.kZ voljksa tSls fd ifjokj esa fdlh dh e`R;q] iq=@iq=h dk fookg] fdlh ikfjokfjd lnL; dk vkijs”ku vkfn esa mldh mifLFkfr dh vko”;drk gksrh gS] rc dksVZ nks’kh dks iqfyldehZ ds lkFk mls mlds ikfjokfjd lnL;ksa ls feyus vFkok vius dÙkZO;ksa dks iw.kZ djus dh vkKk nsrh gSA

 4    fdrus le; ds i”pkr iSjksy@Qjyks dk nwljh ckj ykHk mBk;k tk ldrk gS \

mÙkj : nks’kh igys izkIr dh xbZ iSjksy ds 6 eghus ds i”pkr iSjksy ds fy, izkFkZuk i= ns ldrk gS vkSj Qjyks ds ekeys esa nks’kh igyh Qjyks izkIr djus ds ,d eghus ds i”pkr Qjyks ds fy, izkFkZuk i= ns ldrk gSA

 5    D;k vafre iSjksy ysus ds 6 eghus chrus ls iwoZ iSjksy dk YkkHk mBk;k tk ldrk gS \ 

mÙkj : gk¡] vkikrdkyhu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa iSjksy ysus ds 6 eghus iwoZ Hkh iSjksy dk ykHk mBk;k tk ldrk gSA vkikrdkyhu fLFkfr esa nks’kh dh iRuh ds }kjk cPps dks tUe nsuk] fdlh ikfjokfjd lnL; dh e`R;q] cPpksa ds fookg] fdlh ikfjokfjd lnL; ds xaHkhj :i ls chekj gksus ij ,oa izkd`frd vkink lfEefyr gSA ¼lanHkZ fu;e 1210¼v½ fnYyh tsy fu;e 2018½

 6    D;k iSjksy@Qjyks dk ykHk mu nksf’k;ksa dks izkIr gks ldrk gS ftUgsa fcuk fdlh  

NwV ds U;wure vkthou dkjkokl dh vfuok;Z ltk nh tkrh gS \

mÙkj :gk¡] iSjksy@Qjyks dk ykHk mu nksf’k;ksa dks izkIr gks ldrk gS ftUgsa fcuk fdlh NwV ds U;wure vkthou dkjkokl dh vfuok;Z ltk nh tkrh gSA

 7    D;k iSjksy@Qjyks dk ykHk ,u-Mh-ih-,l ds nksf’k;ksa dks izkIr gks ldrk gS \

mÙkj : fnYyh tsy fu;e] 1224 ds vuqlkj ,u-Mh-ih-,l vf/kfu;e ds varxZr vkus okys vijk/k ds nks’kh Qjyks ij NwVus ds fy, ;ksX; ugh gSA

 8    D;k l”kL= cy tujy U;k;ky; esa nks’kfl) nks’kh iSjksy@Qjyks ds fy, jk’Vªh; jkt/kkuh {ks= fnYYkh vFkok lsuk@iSjkfefyVªh dksVZ esa izkFkZuk i= ns ldrs gSa \

mÙkj :Lk”kL= cy tujy U;k;ky; esa nks’kfl) nks’kh iSjksy@Qjyks ds fy, l{ke izkf/kdj.k tSlk fd lsuk vf/kfu;e] ch,l,Q vf/kfu;e esa fufnZ’V gS vkfn ds le{k izkFkZuk i= ns ldrsa gSa vkSj ;fn fcuk fdlh dkj.k ls muds izkFkZuk i= dks [kkfjt  dj fn;k tkrk gS rks os mPPk U;k;ky; ds le{k vkns”k dks pqukSrh ns ldrsa gSaA

 9    ;fn iz”kklu iSjksy@Qjyks ds fo’k; esa fu.kZ; ugh ysrk rks D;k iz”kklu ds vkns”k dks pqukSrh nh tk ldrh gS \

mÙkj : gk¡] iz”kklu ds vkns”k dks pqukSrh nh tk ldrh gS] ;fn iz”kklu izkFkZuk i= izkIr gksus d]s iSjksy ds izkFkZuk i= ij 04 lIrkg vkSj Qjyks ds izkFkZuk i= ij 02 lIrkg esa fu.kZ; ugh ysrkA

 10  D;k dksbZ nks’kh ,d gh ,Q-vkbZ-vkj esa vius lg nks’kh ds lkFk iSjksy@Qjyks ij ,d lkFk fjgkbZ ds fy, mPp U;k;ky; esa vkosnu dj ldrk gS \

mÙkj : gk¡] igyh ckj bl izdkj dh fjgkbZ ds fy, muds vuqjks/k dks igys l{ke izkf/kdkjh ds }kjk [kkfjt dj fn;k tkrk gSA¼lanHkZ 1212¼2½ ,oa 1224 ¼uksV½ fnYyh tsy fu;e 2018 tks fd jk’Vªh; jkt/kkuh {ks=] fnYyh ij ykxw gksrk gS½ nks’kh ,d gh ,Q-vkbZ-vkj esa vius lg nks’kh ds lkFk iSjksy@Qjyks ij ,d lkFk fjgkbZ ds fy, mPp U;k;ky; esa vkosnu dj ldrk gSA gkykafd lkekU;r% vnkyrsa lgnks’kh dks ,d gh le; esa ,d lkFk fjgk ugh djrhA ;fn fdlh ,d nks’kh iSjksy@Qjyks fn;k tkrk gS rks nwljs lg nks’kh dks rc rd bartkj djuk iM+rk gS tc rd igyk nks’kh tsy okfil ugh vk tkrkA

11  nks’kh  ,d o’kZ esa fdruh NwV vftZr dj ysrk gS \

mÙkj : bl iz”u dk mÙkj izR;sd ekeys ds rF;ksa ij fuHkZj djrk gSA vke rkSj ij ,d o’kZ es nks’kh dks tsy ds vanj mlds dk;Z vkSj vkpj.k ds vk/kkj ij 3&4 eghus dh NwV iznku dh tk ldrh gSA ¼ lanHkZ v/;k; 18 fnYyh tsy fu;e] 2018½

12  D;k tqekZus ds Hkqxrku ds :i esa ltk ,d lkFk feysxh vFkok ewy ltk ds lkFk feysxh vkSj D;k ,d pktZ”khV esa vyx vyx vijk/kksa ds :i esa ltk leorhZ ;k yxkrkj pysxh \

mÙkj : tqekZus ds Hkqxrku esa pwd dh ltk nksuks ekeyksa esa yxkrkj pysxhA ¼lanHkZ “kjn gh: dksyacs cuke egkjk’Vª jkT; ,oa vU;] Hkkjrh; loksZPp U;k;ky; fu.kZ; fnukad 20-09-2019½

 13  “kh’kZ vnkyr ls vafre :i ls ltk ds QSlys ds ckn D;k nks’kh dks ltk lquk, tkus ds fofHkUu ekeyksa@,QvkbZvkj esa leorhZ pykus ds fy, mPPk U;k;ky; esa vkosnu nk;j fd;k tk ldrk gS \

mÙkj : Ukgh] “kh’kZ vnkyr ds }kjk dsl “kh’kZd ,e-vkj- dqM+ok cuke vka/kz izns”k esa dgk x;k fd /kkjk 427 dks mPp U;k;ky; ds }kjk vyx vkSj Lora= dk;Zokgh esa ykxw ugh fd;k tk ldrkA blds vfrfjDr u rks Vªk;y dksVZ vkSj u gh mPPk U;k;ky; us ltk dks ikfjr djrs gq, ;g ladsr fn;k fd vihydrkZ ds f[kykQ nh xbZ ltk nksuks dslksa esa leorhZ pysxhA /kkjk 482 dk iz;ksx leorhZ ltk ds ekeys esa ugh ekaxk tk ldrkA

14  D;k vihyh; vnkyr fdlh nks’kh dh ltk dks c<+k ldrh gS \

mÙkj : gka] vihyh; vnkyr nks’kh dh ltk dks viuh iqujh{k.k “kfDr dk iz;ksx djrs gq, /kkjk 397 dks /kkjk 401 ¼lhvkjihlh ds lkFk i<+rs gq,½ c<+k ldrh gS ysfdu ,sls ekeyksa esa nks’kh dks ,slh izLrkfor o`f) dk uksfVl fn;k tk ldrk gSA  ¼lanHkZ lkgsc flag ,oa vU; cuke gfj;k.kk jkT; ¼1990½ 2 ,llhlh 385 ,oa ysVsLV visDl dksVZ ttesaV 22-04-2019 dqekj /khejs; cuke flfDde½

15  D;k fnYyh mPp U;k;ky; ds le{k iqujh{k.k ;kfpdk nk;j djrs le; /kkjk 143 ,u-vkbZ-,DV ds varxZr tqekZuk jkf”k ;kfu 20 izfr”kr tek djuk vfuok;Z gS \

mÙkj : Ukgh] mijksDr fLFkfr dsoy ekuuh; egkuxj naMkf/kdkjh ds U;k;ky; es nks’kh fl) gksus ds vkns”k ds fo:) ekuuh; l= U;k;ky; ds le{k vihy nk;j djus dh voLFkk esa gh ekU; gksxhA

16  fu;fer ekeyksa dh Js.kh esa yafcr vihysa dc rd yh tkrh gS \

mÙkj : ;g ml fo”ks’k U;k;ky; dh fu;fer lwph ij fuHkZj djrk gSA ;g fgjklr esa fy, x, nksf’k;ksa ij Hkh fuHkZj djrk gSA dqN csap fu;fer ekeyksa dks gj jkst lqurh gSa tcfd dqN csap fu;fer ekeyksa esa rdZ ugh lqurh gSaA blds fy, dksbZ fo”ks’k fu;e ugh gSA  

17  fgjklr esa ysus ds fdrus le; ds i”pkr ltk fuyafcr djus ds fy, ,d u;k vkosnu i= nk;j  fd;k tk ldrk gS \

mÙkj : ltk fuyafcr djus ds fy, ;fn vihy ds lkFk fd;k x;k igyk vkosnu [kkfjt dj fn;k x;k gS] rks lkekU;r;k vk/kh ltk xqtkj ysus ds i”pkr u;k vkosnu djus dh flQkfj”k dh tkrh gSSA gkykafd ;g cgqr ckj ifjfLFkfr;ks ij fuHkZj djrk gS vk/kh ltk ls iwoZ Hkh ltk fuyafcr djus ds fy, vkosnu nk;j fd;k tk ldrk gSA vkikrdkyhu fLFkfr vFkok vko”;drk iM+us ij ltk ds varfje fuyacu dks ges”kk ojh;rk nh tkrh gSA

18  D;k vnkyr dh lquokbZ esa nks’kh@vfHk;qDr }kjk Hkkx fy;k tk ldrk gS \

mÙkj : gkaa]nks’kh@vfHk;qDr vius vf/koDrk ds ek/;e ls vnkyr dh lquokbZ esa Hkkx ysus ds fy, vius izksMD”ku okjaV dh ekax ds fy, ,d vthZ nkf[ky dj   ldrk gSA ;fn nks’kh@vkjksih cgl djus okys odhy ls ckrphr djuk pkgrk gS rks os lacf/kr tsy ds ekk/;e ls ohfM;ksa dkWUÝsl flLVe dk mi;ksx dj ldrsa gSaA

19  fn-m-U;k-fo-lsok-lfefr¼DHCLSC½ }kjk nk;j fd, x, dsl dh iSjoh dkSu djsxk\

mÙkj : ;fn nks’kh@vfHk;qDr fdlh Hkh ekeys dks fn-m-U;k-fo-lsok-lfefr¼DHCLSC½ }kjk nk;j dj jgk gS] rks iSjoh vko”;d ugh gS D;ksafd okn fookn djus okys odhy dk Hkkx ysuk vko”;d gS vkSj dsl dh fLFkfr ohfM;ksa dkWUÝsl vkSj tsy ds vf/koDrkvksa ds ek/;e ls vfHk;qDr dks crkbZ tkrh gSA

20  D;k nks’kh vkns”kksa esa la”kks/ku dh ekax dj ldrk gS vFkok O;fDrxr ckaM ij 

fjgkbZ dh ekax dj ldrk gS ;k tekur dh jkf”k esa deh ds fy, vkosnu nk;j dj ldrk gS \

   mÙkj gk¡] nks’kh@vfHk;qDr vkns”kksa esa la”kks/ku dh vFkok O;fDrxr ckaM ij fjgkbZ dh  ekax ;k tekur dh jkf”k esa deh ds fy, vkosnu nk;j dj ldrk gSA


21  D;k nks’kh dks dkuwuh lgk;rk nh tk ldrh gS ;fn mudk dsl fdlh vU; jkT; esa yafcr gS\

mÙkj gk¡] nks’kh lHkh ekeyksa esa dkuwuh lgk;rk ds gdnkj gSaA fnYyh ls ckgj yafcr ekeyksa esa] dbZ ckj tsy vf/koDrk mu jkT;ksa dh dkuwuh lsok lfefr ds laidZ esa vkdj muds dslksa dks pSuykbt ;k ”kq: djrsa gSaA


22 dkuwuh lsokvksa ds vf/koDrkvksa dks ns; “kqYd dh jkf”k fdruh gS \

     mÙkj : dkuwuh lgk;rk vf/koDrkvksa dks dksbZ “kqYd ugh nsuk gksrk gSA

 23  D;k dksbZ nks’kh vihy nk;j fd, fcuk ltk ds fuyacu ds fy, vkosnu nk;j dj ldrk gS \

     mÙkj : ugh] vihy nk;j fd, fcuk ltk fuyafcr ugh dh tk ldrhA


 24  D;k lhek vof/k ds i”pkr vihy dks izkFkfedrk dh tk ldrh gS \

mÙkj : gk¡] lhek vof/k ds i”pkr Hkh vihy nk;j dh tk ldrh gSA fyfeVs”ku ,DV dh /kkjk 5 ds varxZr nsjh ds fy, {kek ekaxrs gq, vkosnu nk;j fd;k tk ldrk gSA

 25  ;fn nks’kh ds ikl ttesaV dh izekf.kr izfr vkSj ltk dk vkns”k ugh gS rks Hkh D;k vihy nk;j dh tk ldrh gS \

mÙkj : nLrkostksa dh izekf.kr izfr;ksa dks nkf[ky djus ls NwV dh ekax djus okys vkosnu dks vihy ds lkFk nk;j fd;k tk ldrk gS vkSj vke rkSj ij bl izdkj ds vkosnu dks vkKk ns nh tkrh gSA

 26  D;k Hkkjr ds loksZPPk U;k;ky; dh leh{kk ;kfpdk dks [kkfjt djus ds i”pkr nks’kh ds fy, dksbZ vkSj dkuwuh mik; “ks’k gS \

mÙkj : gk¡] nks’kh D;wjsfVo ;kfpdk ds ek/;e ls Hkkjr ds mPpre U;k;ky; dk njoktk [kV[kVk ldrk gSA

 27  ukWfeuy jksy D;k gS \  

mÙkj : ukWfeuy jksy ,d fjdkMZ gS tks tsy vf/kdkfj;ksa }kjk cuk;k tkrk gS ftlesa nks’kh dk uke] mez] mlds ekeyksa dk fooj.k] ltk dh vof/k vkSj tqekZuk] ltk] ltk nsus okyh dksVZ] irk vkSj nks’kh dk vkpj.k gksrk gSA blds lkFk&2 iSjkSy ij fcrk, x, fnu vkSj iSjksy ds fy, cuk, x, vkosnuksa dh lwph] iSjksy [kkfjt gksus dh lwph ,oa isjksy ds nkSjku nks’kh dk vkpj.k Hkh blesa lfEefyr gksrk gSA                                                 

28 D;k lcwrksa ds ek/;e ls vihy nk;j dh tk ldrh gS \

mÙkj : lhvkjihlh dh /kkjk 391 ds varxZr vihyh; vnkyr vkxs ds lk{; ys ldrh gS vFkok bls ysus ds fy, vkns”k ns ldrh gSA ;fn mls yxrk gS fd bl rjg ds vfrfjDr lk{; U;k; ds fgr esa vko”;d gSaA bl /kkjk ds varxZr vfHk;kstu i{k ds lkFk&2 vihydrkZ nksuks vfrfjDr lk{; tksM+us ds fy, vkosnu ns ldrs gSA dksVZ lacaf/kr i{k ij dksLV yxk ldrh gSA

 29 D;k jkT; dks fupyh vnkyr }kjk nh xbZ ltk ds ekeys esa vihy djus dk vf/kdkj gS \

mÙkj : gka jkT; dks lhvkjihlh dh /kkjk 377 ds varxZr vi;kZIrrk ds vk/kkj ij ltk ds f[kykQ vihy djus dk vf/kdkj gSA

 30 D;k vkijkf/kd ekeyksa esa nwljh vihy nk;j dh tk ldrh gS\

mÙkj : ugh] vkijkf/kd ekeyksa esa dsoy ,d vihy dh vuqefr gS] gkykafd vihy ds vkns”k ds f[kykQ vkijkf/kd la”kks/ku ;kfpdk nk;j dh tk ldrh gSA 

   31 D;k tekur jkf”k dks de fd;k tk ldrk gS \

mÙkj : gka] ,sls ekeyksa esa tgka nks’kh@vfHk;qDr viuh [kjkc vkfFkZd fLFkfr ds dkj.k tekur izLrqr djus esa vleFkZ gSA


32 D;k tsy esa 14 lky dh ltk dkVus ds ckn nks’kh dks mezdSn dh ltk ls  
   fjgk fd;k tk ldrk gS \

mÙkj : gka] jkT; ds ikl ltk leh{kk cksMZ ¼Sentence Review Board½ dh flQkfj”k ij nks’kh dks NksM+us dh “kfDr gSA blds vfrfjDr ;fn ltk leh{kk cksMZ nks’kh dh ;kfpdk dks [kkfjt dj nsrk gS  rks nks’kh fjV vf/kdkj {ks= ds ek/;e ls mls pqukSrh ns ldrk gSA  


 33 nks’kh dks vihy dgka nk;j djuh pkfg, \

  mÙkj : Tkc dksbZ O;fDr eftLVªsV dh vnkyr es nks’kh Bgjk;k tkrk gS]rks mls l= vnkyr esa vihy djuh pkfg, vkSj ;fn fdlh O;fDr dks l= U;k;ky;  esa nks’kh Bgjk;k tkrk gS rks O;fDr mPp U;k;ky; esa ltk dks pqukSrh ns  ldrk gSA 


 34 vihy fdrus fnuks esa nk;j dh tk ldrh gS \

 mÙkj :;fn fdlh O;fDr dks eftLVªsV vnkyr es nks’kh Bgjk;k tkrk gS]rks og ltk dh rkjh[k ls 30 fnuks ds Hkhrj l= vnkyr esa vihy dj ldrk gS vksj ;fn O;fDr dks l= U;k;ky; }kjk nks’kh Bgjk;k tkrk gS rks og ltk dh rkjh[k ls 60 fnuks ds Hkhrj mPp U;k;ky; ds le{k vihy dj ldrk  gSA 

 35 izkscs”ku ij nks’kh dks fdl vk/kkj ij fjgk fd;k tk ldrk gS \

mÙkj : vnkyr vkbZihlh dh /kkjk 360 ds varxZr O;fDr dks mlds vPNs vkpj.k ds vk/kkj ij fjgk dj ldrh gSA ;fn dksbZ O;fDr 21  o’kZ ls de gS  ;k efgyk gS ;k ofj’B ukxfjd gS ftlus dksbZ vijk/k fd;k tks fd e`R;qnaM  ;k vkthou dkjkokl ds vykok naMuh; gS rks vnkyr mls nks’kh Bgjkus ds ctk; mldh i`’BHkwfe] fiNys vkpj.k ij vkSj mez ij xkSj dj ldrh gS vkSj
 nks’kh dks futh eqpyds ij fjgk dj ldrh gSA


36  D;k fopkjk/khu dSnh] ftlus viuk vijk/k Lohdkj dj fy;k gS] vihy nk;j dj ldrk gS \

 mÙkj :  ugh] lhvkjihlh  dh  /kkjk  375  ds vuqlkj vijk/k Lohdkj djus ds i”pkr vfHk;qDr viuh ltk dks pquSrh nsus okyh vihy nk;j ugh dj ldrk gSA og dsoy ml ij yxkbZ xbZ ltk dh lhek ;k oS/krk dks pqukSrh ns ldrk gSA





Q-1:          What is an ancestral property under Hindu Law?

Ans:         An ancestral property is a property which has been inherited up to three generations of male lineage i.e. it is the property that descends from father, father’s father, father’s father’s father and this right of property accrues to a member of the Joint Hindu Family on birth.


Q-2:          What are the incidents of ancestral property?

Ans.          The incidents of ancestral property are that:

·         It should be four generations old.

·         The property should not have been divided by the members.

·         The person has the right over the property from the birth.

·         The shares are first determined for each generation and subdivided for the successive generation.


Q-3:          How ancestral property is divided?

Ans:         The ancestral property is divided per stripes which means that the share of each generation is first determined and the successive generations share in turn is sub-divided. Each generation inherits from its predecessors.


Q-4:          What is partition?

Ans:         The partition is the process for division of jointly-owned property by two or more co-owners. The ancestral property can be divided on the basis of making a family partition agreement i.e., the partition deed.



Q-5:          Is it necessary to register a partition deed?

Ans:         Yes,  one is required to register the partition deed at the office of the Sub-Registrar.


Q-6:          What happens when this ancestral property is divided and partition takes place?

Ans:         Whenever a partition of ancestral property takes place, the nature of the ancestral property changes and it becomes a self-acquired property. Thus, when a person inherits property from his father, it becomes his self acquired property in which his children do not acquire any right by birth.


Q-7:          What is self-acquired property?

Ans:         Self earned or self-acquired property refers to the property:

·         acquired by a person from  his own resources or

·         which he has inherited under the Law of Succession or

·          acquired through Will or

·         which has come to him after partition of ancestral or joint property.


Q-8:          What is a Will?


Ans:         A Will or a Testament means a document made by a person whereby he expresses how his property should be disposed of.  In other words, a Will is a document which ensures that your wishes with respect to your assets and property are followed after your death.



Q-9:          What are the terms “Testator’’, “Legatee/Beneficiary’’ and “Executor’’ referred to?


Ans:         Testator is a person making a Will. Legatee/Beneficiary is a person who inherits the property under a Will. The executor is the legal representative for all purposes of a deceased person and all the property of the testator vests in him until the property is distributed as per the provisions of the Will.  The property vests in the executor only for the purpose of representation and administration.


Q-10:        Is there a particular form or format in which a Will is to be drawn?

Ans:         No, there is no prescribed format for a Will.  It only needs to expressly state in what manner does the testator wishes his property to be disposed of, after his death.  However, in order for it to be effective, it needs to be properly signed and attested by the testator and by two witnesses. Further, the Will must be initialled by the testator at the end of every page and next to any correction or alteration.


Q-11:        Who can draw a Will?

Ans:         Any person who is not a minor and is of a sound mind can draw his Will.


Q-12:        Which property  can be bequeathed by Will?

Ans.          Only separate and self-acquired property can be disposed of by Will but not the undivided share in the ancestral property. The only exception in this regard is provided by Section 30 of the Hindu Succession Act which lays down that the interest of a male Hindu in Mitakshra coparcenary property is a property that can be disposed of by him by Will.



Q-13:        Is there any stamp duty required for executing a Will?

Ans:        No, there is no stamp duty required to be paid for executing a Will. A Will can be drawn on a plain paper. 



Q-14:       Is registration of a Will compulsory?

Ans:        In India, the registration of a Will is not compulsory at all.  The non-registration of a Will does not lead to any inference against the genuineness of a Will. In other words, registration does not give any special sanctity to the Will though registration of the Will by the testator himself evidences the genuineness of the Will.  



Q-15:       What is the procedure for registration of a Will?

Ans:        A Will may be got registered with the registrar/sub-registrar of the area where the property is situated with a nominal registration fee.  The testator must be personally present at the registrar’s office along with witnesses.



Q-16:        Can a Will be revoked?

Ans:         A Will can be revoked, changed or altered by the testator at any time when he is competent to dispose of his property.  A person can revoke, change or alter his Will by executing a new Will, revoking the earlier Will, registering the new Will (if the old Will is registered), destroying the old Will.



Q-17:        What happens if a person dies without executing a Will?

Ans:         In case a Hindu dies without executing a Will, his property is inherited by the Legal Heirs mentioned in the provisions of The Hindu Succession Act. For other religions, it is the provision of Indian Succession Act, 1925 (with respect to inheritance) which come into play. It may, however, be noted that the provisions of Indian Succession Act, do not apply to a Muslim testator and it is The Muslim Personal Laws which governs this succession in such cases.  






 Q-1:          What is a Living Will?

Ans:         Living Wills are instruments through which  persons express their wishes at a prior point and time when they are capable of making an informed decision regarding their medical treatment in the future, by the reason of being unconscious or in a vegetative state or in a coma. Thus, a living Will is one type of advance directive which takes effect when the patient is terminally ill.



Q-2:          Is there any provision for executing a Living Will?

Ans:         There is no provision presently for executing a Living Will. In the landmark judgment titled as ‘’Common Cause Vs. Union of India’’ dated 09.03.2018, the Hon’ble Supreme Court has recognized that a terminally ill patient or a person in a persistent vegetative state has the right to die with dignity and to do this, the person will have to execute what is called a Living Will.



Q-3:          Who can execute the Living Will or advance directive?

Ans:         The person drawing up the living will must be an adult who is of sound mind and is capable of communicating his or her decision clearly.



Q-4:          Is there a particular format prescribed for the Living Will?

Ans:         No, there is no format prescribed for a Living Will.  However, the Hon’ble Supreme Court in the Common Cause Judgment (referred above) has laid down certain guidelines in this respect.   According to the same, the document must reflect informed consent clearly, and unambiguously instruct as to when medical treatment may be withdrawn or further treatment may not be given for prolongation of life. In addition, it should also contain a provision for revocation by the executor and must also disclose the name of a guardian who will give consent to refuse or withdraw treatment in accordance with the advance directive.




Q-5:          Is this Will required to be registered?

Ans:         No, it is not required to be registered. However, the presence of two attesting witnesses is required, who should preferably be independent, and the document must be countersigned by a Judicial Magistrate of First Class who is supposed to record satisfaction as to the voluntariness and informed consent of the executor.


Q-6:          Where is the Living Will to be kept?

Ans:         A copy of the document along with a digital one is to be preserved with the Judicial Magistrate to prevent any future manipulation and another physical and digital copy is to be preserved with the Registry of the jurisdictional District Court.  Further, a copy is to be preserved by the local authority as well i.e. municipality or panchayat as the case may be. 


Q-7:          How will the Living Will be given effect to?

Ans:         (i) The document can be given effect to at the instance of the doctor, only when the patient is terminally ill and after ascertaining the genuineness of the document from the Judicial Magistrate, (ii) The doctor must inform the hospital authorities who will then constitute a medical board consisting of the head of the treating department and three experts from various areas such as medicine, cardiology, nephrology etc. with experience in critical care and overall standing in the profession of atleast 20 years, (iii) The board shall then visit the patient in the presence of the nominated guardian and will certify whether or not the instructions in the document may be carried out, (iv) If this preliminary opinion is in the affirmative, it will be communicated to the jurisdictional Collector, who will then constitute another medical board comprising of the Chief District Medical Officer as the chairman and three expert doctors from various fields such as cardiology, oncology, medicine etc. having a standing of atleast 20 years, except the doctors who were members of the previous board, (v) If on visiting the patient, this board concurs with the opinion of the board constituted by the hospital, the decision will be communicated to the Judicial Magistrate, who will then visit the patient at the earliest to authorise the implementation of the document.




Q-8:          What is the remedy available  in case the Medical Board does not grant permission for execution of the Living Will?

Ans.          In cases where the medical board does not grant permission, it is open to the executor, or the relatives or even the doctor to file a writ petition under Article 226 before the High Court, and the Chief Justice of the said Court will be required to constitute a Division Bench to decide the same. It would be open to the High Court to constitute an independent medical board with the same qualifications as mentioned above and is also obliged to decide the matter expeditiously in the best interest of the patient.






Q-1:    Who is a Senior Citizen?

Ans:   In terms of Section 2(h) of the Act, a senior citizen means a person who is a citizen of India, who has attained age of 60 years of above.


Q-2:    What is a Senior Citizen entitled to in terms of the Act?

Ans:   A senior citizen is entitled to the following:

1.    Maintenance, which includes food, clothing, residence, medical attendance and treatment;

2.    Maintenance allowance, not exceeding Rs. 10,000/- pm


Q-3:    Who is held responsible for Maintenance of the Senior citizen, including the parents in terms of the Act?

Ans:   Mainly, the responsibility is placed upon the children and grand children (not being minors) of Senior citizens. However, in case of childless senior citizens, relatives who are legal heirs, provided they are in possession of property of such senior citizens or would inherit the property of such senior citizens, are also liable.


Q-4:    What is the procedure for claiming maintenance under the Act?

Ans:   In terms of Section 5 of the Act, a senior citizen or parents may apply to the Maintenance Tribunal, seeking maintenance in the proper format. If such senior citizen is incapable to apply, application can be made by any other person or organization authorized by him/her.


Q-5:    Has the Delhi Government constituted any Maintenance Tribunal in terms of the Act?

Ans:   Yes, the Delhi Government has established 11 District Tribunal Courts in the North, Central, South, New Delhi, South West, West, North East, East, North West, Shahdara and South East District.,  each of these Tribunals is headed by the concerned District Magistrate, which makes it imperative for their adult children or ward to look after and provide maintenance to senior citizens.


Q-6:    Is there any prescribed format in which the application for maintenance has to be made before the Maintenance Tribunal in terms of the Act?

Ans:    Yes, Rule 5 provides for prescribed format.


Q-7:    Does a Senior citizen have to engage services of an advocate in order to seek maintenance before the Tribunal?

Ans:   No. The senior citizens can themselves present their cases before the Tribunal and the Appellate Authority.  In fact, Section 17 of the Act bars representation by a legal practitioner.  They can seek assistance from the Maintenance officer to represent them.


Q-8:    Are the Maintenance Tribunals empowered to make interim maintenance allowance orders?

Ans:   Yes, in terms of Section 5(2) of the act, such powers have been specifically vested in the tribunals.


Q-9:    Do Senior Citizens or Parents have to pay any court fees before Maintenance Tribunals or Appellate Tribunal for seeking benefits under the act?

Ans:   No, there is no such requirement prescribed.


Q-10:  Is there any appeal against the decision of the Maintenance Tribunal?

Ans:   Yes,  in terms of Section 16 of the Act, any senior citizen or a parent aggrieved by an order of the Tribunal may appeal to the Appellate Tribunal. 




Q-11:  Is there a limit on the maintenance allowance that can be awarded by the Maintenance Tribunal or the appellate Authorities?

Ans:   Yes, in terms of Section 9(2) of the Act, read with Rule 14, maximum maintenance allowance which can be awarded is Rs. 10,000/- per month.


Q-12:  How can the Maintenance Order made by the Tribunal or the Appellate Authority be enforced?

Ans:   In terms of Section 11 of the Act, the maintenance order can be executed in the manner provided in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.  This means that the Police machinery can be deployed to enforce the maintenance orders.


Q-13:  Is there any time limit for the Maintenance Tribunal or the Appellate Authority to dispose of the proceedings seeking maintenance?

Ans:   Yes.  Section 5(4) of the Act requires the Maintenance Tribunal to dispose of the proceedings within 90 days of the service of application upon the opposite party.  However, this period can be extended once for a maximum period of 30 days in exceptional circumstances and for the reasons to be recorded in writing.

The Appellate Authority must also endeavor to dispose of the proceedings within one month from receipt of an Appeal in terms of Section 16(6) of the Act.


Q-14:  What remedies does a senior citizen w.r.t. his property have if he is being  harassed or is being not maintained properly by his sons/daughter-in-laws, though they are residing with him in his property?


Ans.    In this respect, the provisions of this Act and the Rules enable a senior citizen who is facing ill treatment or his not being maintained by his sons/daughter-in-laws or daughter or any other Legal Heir, who is residing with him in his property, to make an application before the Dy. Commissioner / District Magistrate of his district for eviction of such sons/daughter-in-laws/daughter or Legal Heir, from his property (whether ancestral or self acquired).






Q-15:  What is the procedure for applying to the District Magistrate?


Ans.    The senior citizen can approach the District Magistrate by making a simple application on a plain paper and he does not require the presence of any advocate to represent him before the District Magistrate.  On receipt of a complaint from senior citizen against his son/daughter/daughter-in-law, District Magistrate is required to issue notices to both the parties.



Q-16:  What are the nature of proceedings before the District Magistrate?


Ans.    The proceedings are summary in nature and if after hearing both the parties the District Magistrate is of the opinion that senior citizen is being harassed by his sons/daughter-in-laws/any other Legal Heirs and yet is occupying the property of the senior citizen, he shall issue an eviction order against the concerned persons.


Q-17:  Can a Senior Citizen or a parent seek return of the property transferred by them to their children or relatives?

Ans:   Yes.  In terms of Section 23 of the Act where any senior citizen who, after commencement of the Act, has transferred by way of a gift or otherwise, the property, subject to the condition that the transferee shall provide the basic amenities and basic physical needs to the senior citizens and if such transferee refuses or fails to provide the same, the transfer of property shall be deemed to have been made by fraud or coercion or under undue influence and shall at the option of the senior citizens be declared void by the Tribunal.


Q-18:  Whether exposure and abandonment of a Senior citizen constitutes a criminal offence?

Ans:   Yes, in terms of Section 24 of the Act, whoever, having the care or protection of a senior citizen leaves, such senior citizen in any place with an intention of wholly abandoning such senior citizen, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months or fine, which may extend to Rs. 5,000/- or both.


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iz-6% D;k gksrk gS tc ;g iSr`d laifŸk foHkkftr gksrh gS vkSj foHkktu gksrk gS\

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iz-9% ßolh;rdrkZß]  Þdkuwuh@ykHkkFkhZÞ] ßolh;r izca/kdß “kCn D;k gSa\

m-% olh;rdrkZ olh;r cukus okyk O;fDr gSA Þdkuwuh@ykHkkFkhZÞ og O;fDr gS ftls olh;r ds rgr laifŸk fojklr esa feyh gSA ßolh;r izca/kdß ,d e`r O;fDr ds lHkh mís”;ksa ds fy, dkuwuh izfrfuf/k gS vkSj olh;rdrkZ dh lkjh laifŸk Rkc rd mlds ikl fufgr jgrh gS tc rd fd laifŸk dks olh;r ds izko/kkuksa ds vuqlkj forfjr ugh fd;k tkrkA olh;rdrkZ ds ikl laifŸk dsoy izfrfuf/kRo vkSj iz”kklu ds mís”; ls fufgr jgrh gSA


iz-10% D;k dksbZ fo”ks’k izi= ;k izk:i gS ftlesa olh;r rS;kj dh tkrh gS\

m-% ugh] olh;r ds fy, dksbZ fo”ks’k izi= ;k izk:i ugh gSA ;g dsoy Li’V :i ls crkus dh vko”;drk gksrh gS fd olh;rdrkZ viuh e`R;q ds i”pkr fdl rjg ls viuh laifŸk dk fuiVku djuk pkgrk gSA gkykafd bls izHkkoh cukus ds fy, blesa lgh izdkj ls gLrk{kj fd, tkus pkfg, vkSj blesa olh;rdrkZ vkSj nks xokgksa }kjk lR;kfir fd;k tkuk vko”;d gSA blds vfrfjDr olh;r ds izR;sd i`’B ds var esa rFkk fdlh Hkh lq/kkj ij laf{kIr gLrk{kj vo”; gksus pkfg,A

iz-11% olh;r dkSu rS;kj dj ldrk gS\

m-%  dksbZ Hkh LoLFk fpr O;Ld O;fDr olh;r rS;kj dj ldrk gSA  

iz-12% fdl laifŸk dks olh;r ds }kjk tCr fd;k tk ldrk gS\

m-%  olh;r }kjk dsoy vyx vkSj Lo vftZr laifŸk dk fuiVku fd;k tk ldrk gS ijarq iSr`d laifŸk esa vfoHkkftr fgLlsnkjh dk fuiVku ugh fd;k tk ldrkA bl laca/k esa ,dek= viokn fganw mŸkjkf/kdkj vf/kfu;e dh /kkjk 30 ds }kjk iznku fd;k x;k gS ftlesa fy[kk x;k gS fd fganw iq:’k ds fgrksa dk /;ku j[krs gq, olh;r ds }kjk fer{kjk dksijsujh laifŸk dk fuiVku mlds }kjk fd;k tk ldrk gSA  

iz-13% D;k olh;r dks fØ;kfUor djus ds fy, fdlh LVkEi isij dh vko”;drk gksrh gS\

m-% ugh] olh;r dks fØ;kfUor djus ds fy, fdlh LVkEi isij dh vko”;drk ugh gksrhA olh;r ,d lkns isij ij fy[kh tk ldrh gSA

iz-14 % D;k olh;r dk jftLVsª”ku vfuok;Z gS\

m- %  Hkkjr esa olh;r dk jftLVsª”ku vfuok;Z ugh gSA xSj jftLVMZ olh;r ls mldh okLrfodrk ij dksbZ vlj ugh gksrkA nwljs “kCnksa esa dg ldrsa gSa fd jftLVsª”ku olh;r dks dksbZ fo”ks’k ifo=rk iznku ugh djrk gkykafd olh;r dk jftLVsª”ku olh;rdrkZ }kjk olh;r dh okLrfodrk izekf.kr djrk gSA

iz-15 % olh;r ds jftLVsª”ku dh izfØ;k D;k gS\

m- % ftlk LFkku dh laifŸk gksrh gS mlh LFkku ds jftLVªkj@lc jftLVªkj ds le{k ukeek= ds iathdj.k “kqYd ls olh;r dk jftLVsª”ku djkk;k tk ldrk gSA blesa olh;rdrkZ dks xokgksa ds lkFk jftLVªkj dk;kZy; esa O;fDrxr :i ls mifLFkr gksuk pkfg,A

iz-16 % D;k olh;r dks fujLr fd;k tk ldrk gS\

m- % olh;rdrkZ tc laifŸk dks cspus esa l{ke gksrk gS rks mlds }kjk olh;r fdlh Hkh le; fujLr dh tk ldrh gS] cnyh tk ldrh gS ;k ifjofrZr dh tk ldrh gSA O;fDr viuh iqjkuh olh;r dks jí djds¼;fn iqjkuh olh;r jftLVMZ Fkh½ rks mls u’V djds] mls fujLr djds] cnydj vkSj ifjofrZr djds ubZ olh;r cukdj mls jftLVMZ djok ldrk gSA

iz-17 % ;fn fdlh O;fDr dh olh;r fd, fcuk gh e`R;q gks tkrh gS rks D;k gksxk\

m- % ;fn fdlh fganw O;fDr dh olh;r fd, fcuk gh e`R;q gks tkrh gS rks fganw mŸkjkf/kdkj vf/kfu;e esa of.kZr fodYiksa ds vuqlkj mldh laifŸk dkuwuh okfjlksa dks fojklr esa izkIr gksxhA vU; /keksZa ds fy, ¼oa”kkuqØe ds laca/k esa½ Hkkjrh; mŸkjkf/kdkj vf/kfu;e] 1925 ykxw gksxkAblesaa /;ku ;ksX; ckr ;g gS fd Hkkjrh; mŸkjkf/kdkj vf/kfu;e ds izko/kku eqfLye olh;rdrkZ ij ykxw ugh gksxsA bl izdkj ds ekeys eqfLye ilZuy ykW ds }kjk fu;af=r fd, tkrs gSaA



bPNk i= ds laca/k esa

iz-1% bPNki= D;k gS \

m- % bPNki= ,d ,slk lk/ku gS ftlesa O;fDr ml le; ds fy, viuh bPNk O;Dr djrk gS tc og vius fpfdRlh; mipkj ds laca/k esa] Hkfo’; esa vpsrkoLFkk ;k dksek ds dkj.k] viuk fu.kZ; O;Dr djus esa vleFkZ gksxkA vr% bPNki= ,d izdkj dk vfxze funsZ”k gS tc jksxh yach vof/k ds fy, chekj gSA

iz-2% D;k bPNki= dks fØ;kfUor djus ds fy, dksbZ izko/kku gS\

m-% orZeku esa bPNki= dks fØ;kfUor djus ds fy, dksbZ izko/kku ugh gSA ekuuh; loksZPp U;k;ky; us fnukad 09-03-2018 ds vius ,sfrgkfld fu.kZ; “kh’kZd dkWeu dkWl cuke ;wfu;u vkWQ bafM;k esa ekU;rk nh gS fd yach vof/k ds fy, chekj jksxh vFkok O;fDr] tks fd fujarj vpsrkoLFkk esa gS] dks lEeku ls ejus dk vf/kdkj gS vkSj ,slk djus ds fy, O;fDr mlds bPNki= dks fØ;kfUor djsxkA

iz-3% bPNki= ;k vfxze funsZ”k dks dkSu fØ;kfUor djsxk \

m- % bPNki= ;k vfxze funsZ”k fy[kus okyk O;fDr O;Ld] LoLFk fpŸk
vo”; gksuk pkfg, vkSj vius fu.kZ; dks Li’V :i ls crkus okyk gksuk@gksuh pkfg,A

iz-4% D;k bPNki= fy[kus ds fy, dksbZ fufnZ’V fo”ks’k izk:i gS\

m- % ugh] bPNki= fy[kus ds fy, dksbZ fufnZ’V fo”ks’k izk:i ugh gSA gkykafd ekuuh; loksZPPk U;k;ky; us dkWeu dkWl fu.kZ; ¼mijksDr fufnZ’V½esa bl laca/k esa dqN fn”kk funsZ”k fn, gSaAmlds vuqlkj nLrkostksa esa lgefr Li’V :i ls fn[kkbZ nsuh pkfg,] vkSj Li’V :Ik ls funsZ”k fn;k fd dc fpfdRlh; mipkj dks jksdk tk ldrk gS blds vfrfjDr yach vk;q ds fy, mipkj ugh fn;k tkuk pkfg,A blds vfrfjDr blesa fu’iknd ds fujlu ds fy, Hkh dqN izko/kku fn, x, gSa vkSj blesa vfHkHkkod dk uke vo”; crk;k tkuk pkfg, tks fd vfxze funsZ”k ds vuqlkj euk djus fy, ;k mipkj jksdus ds fy, lgefr ns ldsA

iz-5% D;k bl bPNki= dks jftLVMZ djokus dh vko”;drk gS\

m-% ugh] bls jftLVMZ djokus dh dksbZ vko”;drk ugh gSA gkaykfd nks xokgksa dh mifLFkfr vko”;d gS tks fd eq[; :i ls Lora= gksus pkfg, vkSj nLrkost izFke Js.kh ds ftyk eftLVªsV ds }kjk izfrgLrk{kfjr vo”; gksus pkfg,A tks fd LoSPNk ls larqf’V dks fjdkMZ djrk gS vkSj fu’iknudrkZ dh lgefr dks O;Dr djrk gSA

iz-6 % bPNki= dks dgka j[kk tk,xk\

m- % Hkfo’; esa fdlh izdkj dh gsj Qsj ls lqjf{kr j[kus ds fy, nLrkost dh izfrfyfi ds lkFk fMftVy izfr ftyk eftLVªsV ds ikl lqjf{kr j[kuh pkfg, vkSj vU; izkd`frd vkSj fMftVy izfr dks lacaf/kr ftyk U;k;ky; ds vf/kdkj{ks= esa lqjf{kr j[kuk pkfg,A blds vfrfjDr LFkkuh; vf/kdj.k tSls fd uxj fuxe ;k iapk;r tSlk Hkh dsl gks] ds ikl Hkh lqjf{kr j[kok nsuk pkfg,A

iz-7% bPNki= dks dSls izHkkoh cuk;k tk ldrk gS\

m-% ¼1½ nLrkost dks izHkkoh MkDVj ds }kjk cuk;k tk ldrk gS dsoy mlh fLFkfr esa tc jksxh yach vof/k ls chekj gks vkSj ftyk eftLVªsV ls nLrkost dh okLrfodrk dk irk yxkus ds Ik”pkr MkDVj bls izHkkoh dj ldrk gSA ¼2½ MkDVj vLIkrky vf/kdkfj;ksa dks vo”; lwfpr djsxkA tks fd ,d esfMdy cksMZ xfBr djsxk ftlesa mipkj djus okys foHkkx ds izeq[k vkSj fofo/k {ks=ksa tSls fd esfMlu] ân; jksx] usÝksykWth vkfn ds fo”ks’kK ftUgsa de ls de 20 o’kksZa dk vuqHko gS] esfMdy cksMZ esa gksuk pkfg,A ¼3½ cksMZ ukekafdr vfHkHkkod dh mifLFkfr esa jksxh ds ikl tk,xk vkSj lR;kfir djsxk fd nLrkost esa funsZ”k fn, x, gSa ;k ughA¼4½ ;fn izkjafHkd jk; ldjkRed gS rks U;kf;d DysDVj dks lwfpr fd;k tk,xk tks fQj ,d vU; esfMdy cksMZ dk xBu djsxk ftlesa eq[; ftyk fpfdRlk vf/kdkjh “kkfey gksaxs vkSj dkfMZ;ksykWth] vkWUdksykWth fpfdRlk vkfn tSls fofHkUu {ks=ksa ds rhu fo”ks’kK MkWDVj “kkfey gksaxsA ;s MkWDVj fiNys cksMZ ds lnL; MkWDVjksa dks NksM+dj gksaxs ftUgsa de ls de 20 o’kZ dk vuqHko gksxkA ¼5½ jksxh dk nkSjk djus ij ;fn ;g cksMZ vLirky }kjk xfBr cksMZ dh jk; ds lkFk fu.kZ; ysrk gS rks fu.kZ; U;kf;d eftLVªsV dks lwfpr fd;k tk,xkA rc nLrkost ds dk;kZUo;u dks vf/kd`r djus ds fy, tYn ls tYn jksxh dk nkSjk djsaxsA

iz-8 % ;fn esfMdy cksMZ bPNki= dks fØ;kfUor djus dh vuqefr ugh nsrk gS rks mldk D;k mipkj miyC/k gS\


m- % ;fn esfMdy cksMZ bPNki= dks fØ;kfUor djus dh vuqefr ugh nsrk gS rks fu’iknd ;k fj”rsnkj vkSj ;gka rd fd MkWDVj ds ikl Hkh vuqPNsn 226 ds varxZr mPPk U;k;ky; esa fjV ;kfpdk nk;j djus dk fodYi [kqyk gS vkSj mPp U;k;ky; ds eq[; U;k;k/kh”k ls visf{kr gksxk fd blds fy, og fMfotu csap xfBr djsA mPPk U;k;ky; blds fy, mijksDr of.kZr leku ;ksX;rk ds vk/kkj ij ,d Lora= esfMdy cksMZ dk xBu dj ldrk gS vkSj jksxh ds fgr esa ekeys ij “kh/kz fu.kZ; nsus ds fy, ck/; gSA